Symptoms Of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Felt very short pulses in the stomach as well as great pain that can't be explained on your stomach or your back? Beware, this can be a symptom of abdominal aortic aneurysm you are experiencing or enlargement in the blood vessels of the aorta in the abdomen.

Abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA) is the enlargement of the veins in the abdominal aorta, i.e. major blood vessels that serves oxygenated blood flow from the heart towards the chest and abdominal cavity. In an enlarged abdominal aorta is not detected at early stages, the blood vessels will dilate and at risk of rupture, as well as result in internal bleeding and serious complications, such as shock hipovolemik that can be fatal if not immediately at risk unhandled error. An enlarged abdominal aorta vessels could also be caused due to certain diseases, such as tumors, pancreatic pseudocyst, and heart failure.

This condition can happen to anyone, but more often experienced men aged 65-75 years. This relates to an unhealthy lifestyle, e.g. smoking. To diagnose this condition required medical examinations, such as the physical examination and imaging on abdominal cavity.

Symptoms Of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Abdominal aortic aneurysm often develops slowly and usually without any symptoms, making it difficult to detect. However, there are some signs and symptoms that may help you feel when experiencing this condition, namely:
  • Abdominal throbbing around my navel.
  • Pain in the abdomen that feels from the inside and continuously.
  • Pain in the lower back.
  • Dizzy.
  • Pale and sweating.
  • Heart pounding rapidly.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Loss of consciousness or fainting.
Jika Anda mengalami perut berdenyut dan nyeri hebat di perut serta punggung bagian bawah seperti yang telah disebutkan di atas, atau jika terdapat tanda-tanda perdarahan, seperti kaki tangan terasa dingin dan lemas yang terjadi dengan cepat, Anda disarankan untuk segera ke rumah sakit, agar dapat dilakukan pemeriksaan dan penanganan secepatnya.

Faktor Risiko Aneurisma Aorta Perut
Meskipun penyebab pasti kondisi aneurisma aorta perut hingga kini masih belum diketahui, namun sejumlah faktor dapat berperan dalam timbulnya kondisi ini, di antaranya:
  • Pengerasan arteri (aterosklerosis) - Aterosklerosis muncul akibat penumpukan lemak dan komponen pembentuk plak di dinding pembuluh darah, yang dapat meningkatkan risiko aneurisma aorta perut.
  • Tekanan darah tinggi (hipertensi) - Hipertensi dapat merusak dan melemahkan dinding aorta dan meningkatkan risiko aneurisma aorta perut.
  • Merokok - Merokok dapat meningkatkan risiko aneurisma aorta, merusak aorta, serta melemahkan dinding aorta. Kebiasaan ini juga diduga berhubungan dengan kejadian pecahnya pembuluh darah aorta.
  • Penyakit pembuluh darah di aorta - Aneurisma aorta juga dapat dipicu oleh penyakit yang menyebabkan peradangan pada pembuluh darah aorta.
  • Infeksi - Infeksi pada pembuluh darah aorta dapat menyebabkan aneurisma, namun kondisi ini jarang terjadi. Infeksi dapat disebabkan oleh bakteri, virus, atau jamur.
  • Cedera di dinding perut - Luka atau benturan akibat kecelakaan bisa memicu terjadinya aneurisma aorta perut.
  • Faktor keturunan - Dalam beberapa kasus, aneurisma aorta perut dapat terjadi secara turun-temurun, dan diduga berhubungan dengan mutasi genetik. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa seseorang berisiko lebih tinggi terkena aneurisma aorta perut, jika memiliki anggota keluarga yang juga menderita penyakit ini.
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Medical Handling
Before doing the surgery, the doctor will perform a physical examination and a series of supporting to determine diagnosis and treatment methods that will be used. This includes examination, abdominal ULTRASOUND, CT scan, MRI, X-ray, echocardiogram, and angiography. This is done to check the size and shape of Your aneurysm.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment usually depends on the size of the magnification and how quickly its growth. Abdominal aortic aneurysm When You are small or medium, and do not cause symptoms, the doctor will recommend a routine medical checkup every three months or once a year. This is done to monitor so that the blood vessels are not getting engorged.

Meanwhile, when a large aneurysm (about 5 to 5.5 cm in diameter), the doctor will recommend action to cope with the enlargement of the aortic blood vessels. In addition, the operation is also recommended if you experience symptoms, such as abdominal pain and throbbing around the stomach to the lower back. The action will be performed emergency surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture handling. If not immediately treated, this condition can cause heavy bleeding which can be life threatening.

Prevention Of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
To reduce the risk of enlargement on aortic blood vessel, you can start it by doing a pattern of healthy living. Some of the things you can do to reduce the risk of aortic blood vessel swelling, among them:
  • Stop smoking.
  • Start eating healthy foods and reduce the fatty foods.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Keep the weight to a fixed ideal.
  • Reduce the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
In addition, if you have a history of other illnesses that may increase the risk of swelling of the aorta, such as high blood pressure, you need to immediately consult your doctor so that the factors that increase the risk of this disease can be quickly dealt with.

If you feel the pulsating abdominal symptoms accompanied by abdominal pain which failed to disappear, recommended immediately checked myself to the doctor to get a proper diagnosis and to avoid the occurrence of fatal complications.

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